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冰川水文模型研究进展

卿文武 陈仁升 刘时银

卿文武, 陈仁升, 刘时银. 冰川水文模型研究进展[J]. 水科学进展, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
引用本文: 卿文武, 陈仁升, 刘时银. 冰川水文模型研究进展[J]. 水科学进展, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
QING Wen-wu, CHEN Ren-sheng, LIU Shi-yin. Progress in study of glacier hydrological model[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
Citation: QING Wen-wu, CHEN Ren-sheng, LIU Shi-yin. Progress in study of glacier hydrological model[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.

冰川水文模型研究进展

基金项目: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-301-3);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)资助(2007CB411506)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    卿文武(1982- ),男,湖南新化人,硕士研究生,主要从事寒区水文学研究.E-mail:qingww@lzb.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P343.6;G353.11

Progress in study of glacier hydrological model

Funds: The study isfinancially supported by the Key Programs of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(No.KZCX2-YW301-3) and the National Basic Research Program of China (No.2007CB411506)
  • 摘要: 定量评估冰川变化对干旱区流域/区域水资源管理、海平面上升以及冰川自然灾害预防等十分重要。从冰川产流(消融)和汇流两个水文物理过程出发,介绍了国内外冰川水文模型的研究进展,对目前应用最广的两类消融模型——基于气象因子的统计模型和基于物理机制的能量平衡模型进行了分析和讨论;从冰川表面、内部以及下部汇流3个方面阐述了冰川汇流模型所取得的成果。表明冰川产流(消融)模型已相对较为成熟,而冰川汇流过程目前仍处于探索阶段。构建适合不同规模和类型冰川的、包含冰川运动信息的分布式冰川水文物理模型是今后的研究重点。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2007-08-15
  • 刊出日期:  2008-11-25

冰川水文模型研究进展

    基金项目:  中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-301-3);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)资助(2007CB411506)
    作者简介:

    卿文武(1982- ),男,湖南新化人,硕士研究生,主要从事寒区水文学研究.E-mail:qingww@lzb.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P343.6;G353.11

摘要: 定量评估冰川变化对干旱区流域/区域水资源管理、海平面上升以及冰川自然灾害预防等十分重要。从冰川产流(消融)和汇流两个水文物理过程出发,介绍了国内外冰川水文模型的研究进展,对目前应用最广的两类消融模型——基于气象因子的统计模型和基于物理机制的能量平衡模型进行了分析和讨论;从冰川表面、内部以及下部汇流3个方面阐述了冰川汇流模型所取得的成果。表明冰川产流(消融)模型已相对较为成熟,而冰川汇流过程目前仍处于探索阶段。构建适合不同规模和类型冰川的、包含冰川运动信息的分布式冰川水文物理模型是今后的研究重点。

English Abstract

卿文武, 陈仁升, 刘时银. 冰川水文模型研究进展[J]. 水科学进展, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
引用本文: 卿文武, 陈仁升, 刘时银. 冰川水文模型研究进展[J]. 水科学进展, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
QING Wen-wu, CHEN Ren-sheng, LIU Shi-yin. Progress in study of glacier hydrological model[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
Citation: QING Wen-wu, CHEN Ren-sheng, LIU Shi-yin. Progress in study of glacier hydrological model[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2008, 19(6): 893-902.
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