[1] RICHARDSON S D,REYNOLDS J M.An overview of glacial hazards in the Himalayas[J].Quaternary International,2006,66(5):31-47.
[2] VUICHARD J M,ZIMMERMAN M.The 1985 catastrphic drainage of a moraine-dananed lake Khumbu Himal,Nepal:Came and consequences[J].Mt Res.and Dev,1987(7):91-110.
[3] YAMADA T.Glacier lake and its outburrst flood in the Nepal Himalaya,data centerr for glacier research,japanese society of snow arid ice[M].Tokyo,1998.
[4] POPOVN.Glacial debris flows mitigation in Kazakstan:assessmennt,prediction and control,in.Debris-flow hazard mitigation:mechanics[C]//1st international conference,San Francisco,California,August,American Society of Civil Engineers,1997:113-122.
[5] HAEBERL I W.Frequeney and characterizes of glacier floods in the Swiss Alps[J3.Ann Glaciol.1983(4):85-90.
[6] OCONNOR J E,COSTA J E.Geologic and hydrologic hazards in glaciefized basins in North America resulting from 19th and 20th century global wanning[J].Nat Hazards,1993(8):121-140.
[7] EDWARD G N.Hydrology,Glacier-Lake-Otburst floods (1987-2004) and water quality (1998-2003) of the Taku River near Juneau,Alaska[C]//Survey Scientific Investigations Report,2007-5027.
[8] 徐道明,冯清华.冰川泥石流与冰湖溃决灾害研究[J].冰川冻土,1988,10(3):284-289.(xu Dao-ming,FENG Qing-hua.Study of ice debris flow and Glacier Lake Outburst Disasters[J].1988,10(3):284-289.(in Chinese))
[9] CLAGUEJ J,EVANS S G.A review of catastrophic drainage of moraine-dammed lakes in British Golumbia[J].Quat Sci Rev,2000,19:1763-1783.
[10] AMES A A.Decmnentaion of glacier tongue veriations and lake development in the Cordillera Blanca[J].Peru Z Gletscherkd Ghazialgeol,1998(34):1-36.
[11] REYNOLDS J M.The identification and mitigation of glacier-related hazards:examples from the Cordillera Blanca,Peru[C]//London:Geo-hazards natural and man-made,London:Hapman and Hall,t992:143-157.
[12] 左建.地质地貌学[M].北京:中国水利水电出版社,2001.(ZUO Jian.Geological and Geomorphology[M].Beijing:Irrigafional Hydroelectry Press,2001.(in Chinese))
[13] 崔鹏,马东涛,陈宁生,等.冰湖溃决泥石流的形成、演化及减灾对策[J].第四纪研究,2003,23(6):621-628.(CUI Peng,MA Dong-tao,CHEN Ning-sheng,et al.The initiation,motion and mitigation of debris flow caused by glacier lake outburstt[J].Quatermary Science,2003,23(6):621-628.(in Chinaese))
[14] REYNOLDS J M.On the formation of supra glacial lakes on debris covered glaciers[C]//Debris covered Glaciers.International Association of Hydrological Sciences(IAHS),Publication 264,2000:153-161.
[15] CLAGUE J J,EVANS S G.Formation and failure of natural dams in the Canadian Cordillera[M].Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin,1994.
[16] 徐道明,冯清华.西藏喜马拉雅山区危险冰湖及其溃决特征[J].地理学报,1989,44(3):343-352.(XU Dao-ming,Feng Qing-hua.Dangerous glacial lake and outburst features in Xi Zang Himalayas[J].Acta Geographical Sinica,1989,44(3):343-352.(in Chinese))
[17] LIBOUTR Y L,MORALE S B.Glaciohgical problems set by the control of dangerous lakes in Gndillera Blanca,Peru:I.historical failures of morainic dams,their causes and prevention[J].J laciol,1977,18(79),239-254.
[18] GAMMA P.Dwalk-Ein Mungang-Simulatiousprogramm Gefahrenzonierung[R].Bern:Gengraphisches Imtitnt der Universit'at Bern,2000.
[19] WEi C S.Study of Glacier Lake outburst floods in Nepal Himalaya,PhaseI:interim report[R].Kathmandu,Nepal,1987:3-36.
[20] HUGGEL C,HAEBERLI W,MOELZLE M.Assessment of glacer of Hazards and Glacier runoff for different climate scenaros based on remote sensing data:Case study for a by,kodrpower plant in The Penruvlan Andes[C]//Observing our cryesphere rrom space.2002.
[21] HUGGEL C,KAAB A,HAEBERLI W.Regional-scale GIS-medeis for assessment of hazards from glacier lake outburstss:evaluation and application in the Swias Alps[J].Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences,(2003) 3:647-662.
[22] WESSELS R L,KARGEL J S,KIEFFE R H.Aster measurement of supraglacial lakes in the Mount Everest region of the Himalaya[J].Ann Glaeiul,2002,34.399-408.
[23] QUINCEY D J,RICMARDSO N D,LUCKMAN A,et al.Early recognition of glacial lake hazards in the Himalaya using remote seining datasets[J].Glohal and Planetary Change,2007,56(1 ~ 2):137-152.
[24] 吕儒仁.西藏的冰川终碛湖泥石流[C]//滇藏铁路线勘测选线讨论会论文选辑.1981.(LU Ru-ren.Moraine-dammed outburst debriflow in Tibet[C]//symposium proceeding of Yumman-Tiber Railway Route Selection Survey,1981.(in Chinese))
[25] 魏红,马金珠,马明国,等.基于遥感与GIS的朋曲流域冰川及冰湖变化研究[J].兰州大学学报:自然科学版,2004,40(2):97-100.(WEI Hong,MA Jin-zhu,MA Ming-guo,etul.Study on changes of glaciers and glacial hkes in the Pumqu basin based on RS and GIS[J].Journal of Lanzhou University:Natural Sciences,2004,40(2):97-100.(in Chinese))
[26] 陈晓清,崔鹏.杨忠,等.近15a喜玛拉雅山中段波曲流域冰川和冰湖变化[J].冰川冻土,2005,27(6):793-800.(CHEN Xiao-qing,CUI Peng,YANG Zhng,et al.Changein glaciers and glacier lakesin Boiqu river basin,middle Hinmlayas during last 15 years[J].Journal d Glaciology and Geocryohgy,2005,27(6):793-800.(in Chinese))
[27] 岳志远,曹志先,车涛,等.冰湖溃决洪水的二维水动力学数值模拟[J].冰川冻土,2007,29(5):756-763.(YUE Zhi-yuan1,CAO Zhi-xian,CHE Tao,et al.Two-dimensional mathenatical modeling of glacier lake outburst flood[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2007,29(5):756-763.(in Chinese))
[28] 吕儒仁.西藏泥石流与环境[M].成都:成都科技大学出版社,1999:69-112.(YUE Zhi-yuanl,CAO Zhi-xian,CHE Tao,et al.Two-dimensional mathematical modeling of glacier lake outburst flood[J].Journal of Glaciology and C,eoeryology,2007,29(5):756-763.(in Chinese))
[29] HUGGEL C,HAEBERLi W,KAAA,et al.An assessmnet procedure for glacial hazants in the Swess Alps[J].Centech,2004,41 (6):1068-1083.
[30] MCKHIK) R J,[LAG U E.Arocedure for making objectiv preliminary assessments of outburst flood hazard fro mmorain-dammed lakes in[31] 程尊兰,朱平一,宫怡文.典型冰湖溃决型泥石流形成机制分析[J].山地学报,2003,21(6):716-720.southwestern British Columbia[J].Nat Hazards,2006,11(6):28-34.
[31] 程尊兰,朱平一,宫怡文.典型冰湖溃决型泥石流形成机制分析[J].山地学报,2003,21(6):716-720.(CHENG Zun-lan,ZHU Ping-yi,GONG Yi-wen.The conform mechanical analyses of typical glacier lake debris flow[J].Journal of Mountain Science,2003,21(6):716-720.(in Chinese))
[32] 刘伟.西藏典型冰湖溃决型泥石流的初步研究[J].水文地质工程地质.20016(3):88-92.(LIU Wei.Preliminary study on debris flow induced by glacier lake outburst in Tibet[J].Hydrology Geology and Engineering Geology,2006(3):88-92.(in Chinese))
[33] DANIE L A,CENDEREL L I,ELLEN E.Peak discharge estimates of glacial-lake outburst floods and" normal" climatic floods in the Mount Everest region,Nepal[J].Ceomorphology,2001,40:57-90.
[34] WAIDER J S,OCONNER J E.Methods for predicting peak discharge of floods caused by failure of natural and constructed earthen dams[J].Water Resources Research,1997,33:2337-2348.
[35] EVANS S G.The maximum dischange of out burst floods caused by the breaching of man-made and natural dams[J].Ganadis Ceotechnical Journal,1986,23:385-387.
[36] COSTA J E,SCHUSTER R L.The formation and failure of natural dams[J].Geological Society of America Bulletin,1988,100:1054-1068.
[37] 陈晓清,陈宁生,崔鹏.冰川终碛湖溃决泥石流流量计算[J].冰川冻土,21304,26(3):357-362.(CHEN Xiao-qing,CHEN Ningsheng,CUI Peng.Calculation of discharge of debris flow induced by glacier hke outhurs[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geoeryology,2004,26(3):357-362.(in Chinese))